Glass Guide
Steuben

History See encyclopedia.

Designers

Styles

Marks

Stevens and Williams

History See encyclopedia.

Designers

Styles

Marks

Stuart

History

Frederick Stuart of Mills,Webb & Stuart at Redhouse glass cone in 1881. In 1920 Stuart and Sons. See encyclopedia.

Styles

Medallion Cameo - patented in 1887, pink and white. Panels often at an angle. Subjects flowers, leaves,bird's nest and egg, cameo bridge landscape rare.

c1887 bowls with acanthus leaves on threaded and pincered decoration.

Mid 1889 - designs for decanters with trails and prunts

1890 some rock crystal - not high quality.

c1900 Peacocks trails

1928-1939 (Earlier Jules Barbe c1901 - intricate gliding patterns.) Enamelled glass Foundation of the enamelled designs on Stratford moulded rings between bowls and stem.The enamelled ware was developed by Ludwig Kny. Most were outlined in black, some outlined in gold such as Persian 26428 in 1933. rom 1928 - 1938 there were 626 design numbers. Most patterns are flowers and fruit. Abstract designs were etched and painted later. In 1930, 37 designs incorporate separate cut decoration - many vases for Army and Navy stores also trinket sets, finger bowls, fruit bowls and sweet dishes.

In mid 1930, themed cocktail sets along with hunting scenes. In general,outlines simple, colours bold. Little attempt at texturing by shading, may use light and dark colours. Many of the flowers and fruit are flat. Ludwig Kny was influenced by Russian ballet, Egypt - blocks of colour - art deco - lotus flowers, feathers etc. First non-floral designs in Jan 1929, chevrons, diamonds, triangles, spots and papyrus - sundae dishes and powder bowls. All of the abstract designs were acid etched first - giving depth and texture. Mid 1930 - enamel also on V shaped cocktail glasses. Novelty cocktail set in 1933, red devil (holding a goblet on shaker), available in red, blue and possibly other colours. Also snakes and spiders on a cobweb, white heather, black cat, horseshoe etc in 1936. Butterflies - can be all different(except when they are all blue) 1929/30. Also hunting scenes, fish, bees, cockerals, mulitcoloured birds, may be chicks, humming birds 1933/34. Hunting scenes - large items may have 2/3 horses and riders in hunting pink. A lager set for Army and Navy in 1936 had trees and a field.

In 1930 Stuart reintroduced coloured glass (mainly green, blue and amber). Lost vivacity. Many were flint with coloured feet and stems. In Persian, amber stem and foot enhanced the gold.

In 1933 a few free hand patterns eg flowers. May also be playing card motifs, men in evening dress, stick people in winter sports (probably never used).

1930's Designers Dame Laura Knight (Bachanal and clowns- enamel and painted russian ballet), Dod Proctor, Eric Ravilious, Paul Nash, Graham Sutherland -commercial failures.

1950's During the war they manufactured chemical ware, electric light bulbs, landing lights for runways, cathode ray tubes and valves.

1949-1985 - John Luxton trained glass designer. Enjoyed mirror cutting. Gave each cut a name.

ANTHEMON used in 1899
used in 1888
Sowerby

History See encyclopedia.

Designers

Styles

Marks

Typical raised mark for Sowerby
Typical Sowerby label
Etched marks.

Very uncommon on Stevens & Williams

Strathearn

History

Designers

Styles

Marks

Early Stuart mark late 1920's onward
Later Stuart mark 1950's onward
From Stuart acquisition of Strathearn
St Louis

History See encyclopedia.

Designers

Styles

Marks

St Louis Cameo Mark
Etched mark Constance Spry for Royal Brierly